Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is about all types of Credit card fraud. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. This article may be in need of reorganization to comply with Wikipedia’s layout guidelines. Credit card forex fee help by editing the article to make improvements to the overall structure.
This article may need to be rewritten entirely to comply with Wikipedia’s quality standards. The discussion page may contain suggestions. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. Credit card fraud is a wide-ranging term for theft and fraud committed using or involving a payment card, such as a credit card or debit card, as a fraudulent source of funds in a transaction.
Although incidences of credit card fraud are limited to about 0. In 1999, out of 12 billion transactions made annually, approximately 10 million—or one out of every 1200 transactions—turned out to be fraudulent. Card fraud begins either with the theft of the physical card or with the compromise of data associated with the account, including the card account number or other information that would routinely and necessarily be available to a merchant during a legitimate transaction. The compromise can occur by many common routes and can usually be conducted without tipping off the cardholder, the merchant, or the issuer at least until the account is ultimately used for fraud. Stolen cards can be reported quickly by cardholders, but a compromised account can be hoarded by a thief for weeks or months before any fraudulent use, making it difficult to identify the source of the compromise. The cardholder may not discover fraudulent use until receiving a billing statement, which may be delivered infrequently. When a credit card is lost or stolen, it may be used for illegal purchases until the holder notifies the issuing bank and the bank puts a block on the account.
Most banks have free 24-hour telephone numbers to encourage prompt reporting. Still, it is possible for a thief to make unauthorized purchases on a card before the card is canceled. The only common security measure on all cards is a signature panel, but, depending on its exact design, a signature may be relatively easy to forge. Some merchants will demand to see a picture ID, such as a driver’s license, to verify the identity of the purchaser, and some credit cards include the holder’s picture on the card itself.
In some jurisdictions, it is illegal for merchants to demand cardholder identification. A common countermeasure is to require the user to key in some identifying information, such as the user’s ZIP or postal code. This method may deter casual theft of a card found alone, but if the card holder’s wallet is stolen, it may be trivial for the thief to deduce the information by looking at other items in the wallet. In Europe, most cards are equipped with an EMV chip which requires a 4 to 6 digit PIN to be entered into the merchant’s terminal before payment will be authorized. However, a PIN isn’t required for online transactions and is often not required for transactions using the magnetic strip.