It has been suggested that Reserve Bank of India: Working and Functions be merged into maybank forex currency rate article. This article may need to be rewritten entirely to comply with Wikipedia’s quality standards. India’s central banking institution, which controls the monetary policy of the Indian rupee. The RBI plays an important part in the Development Strategy of the Government of India.
It is a member bank of the Asian Clearing Union. The central bank was an independent apex monetary authority which regulates banks and provides important financial services like storing of foreign exchange reserves, control of inflation, monetary policy report till 2016 August. A central bank is known by different names in different countries. The functions of a central bank vary from country to country and are autonomous or quasi-autonomous body and perform or through another agency vital monetary functions in the country. The bank is often referred to by the name Mint Street. RBI is also known as banker’s bank. The Reserve Bank of India was founded on 1 April 1935 to respond to economic troubles after the First World War.
The Reserve Bank of India was conceptualized based on the guidelines presented by the Central Legislative Assembly which passed these guidelines as the RBI Act 1934. In the 1950s, the Indian government, under its first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, developed a centrally planned economic policy that focused on the agricultural sector. As a result of bank crashes, the RBI was requested to establish and monitor a deposit insurance system. Meant to restore the trust in the national bank system, it was initialized on 7 December 1961. The Indian government founded funds to promote the economy, and used the slogan “Developing Banking”. The government of India restructured the national bank market and nationalized a lot of institutes. In 1969, Indira Gandhi-headed government nationalized 14 major commercial banks.
Upon Gandhi’s return to India in 1980 a further 6 banks were nationalized. The regulation of the economy and especially the financial sector was reinforced by the Government of India in the 1970s and 1980s. The branch was forced to establish two new offices in the country for every newly established office in a town. The oil crises in 1973 resulted in increasing inflation, and the RBI restricted monetary policy to reduce the effects. A lot of committees analysed the Indian economy between 1985 and 1991.
Their results had an effect on the RBI. The national economy contracted in July 1991 as the Indian rupee was devalued. The National Stock Exchange of India took the trade on in June 1994 and the RBI allowed nationalized banks in July to interact with the capital market to reinforce their capital base. The Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 came into force in June 2000.
The national economy’s growth rate came down to 5. 2009 and the central bank promotes the economic development. The central board of directors is the main committee of the central bank. The Government of India appoints the directors for a 4-year term. The bank is headed by the governor and the post is currently held by economist Urjit Patel.
The RBI has four zonal offices at Chennai, Delhi, Kolkata and Mumbai. It has 27 regional offices and 4 sub-offices. The RBI has four regional representations: North in New Delhi, South in Chennai, East in Kolkata and West in Mumbai. The representations are formed by five members, appointed for four years by the central government and with the advice of the central board of directors serve as a forum for regional banks and to deal with delegated tasks from the Central Board.
It has two training colleges for its officers, viz. Reserve Bank Staff College, Chennai and College of Agricultural Banking, Pune. November 1994, serves as a CCBD committee to control the financial institutions. It has four members, appointed for two years, and takes measures to strength the role of statutory auditors in the financial sector, external monitoring and internal controlling systems. Reserve Bank of India regional office, Delhi entrance with the Yakshini sculpture depicting “Prosperity through agriculture”. The RBI Regional Office in Delhi.
The primary objective of RBI is to undertake consolidated supervision of the financial sector comprising commercial banks, financial institutions and non-banking finance companies. The Board is constituted by co-opting four Directors from the Central Board as members for a term of two years and is chaired by the governor. The deputy governors of the reserve bank are ex-officio members. One deputy governor, usually, the deputy governor in charge of banking regulation and supervision, is nominated as the vice-chairman of the board. The Board is required to meet normally once every month. BFS through the Audit Sub-Committee also aims at upgrading the quality of the statutory audit and internal audit functions in banks and financial institutions. The audit sub-committee includes deputy governor as the chairman and two Directors of the Central Board as members.
The institution is also the regulator and supervisor of the financial system and prescribes broad parameters of banking operations within which the country’s banking and financial system functions. Its objectives are to maintain public confidence in the system, protect depositors’ interest and provide cost-effective banking services to the public. The central bank manages to reach different goals of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999. Their objective is to facilitate external trade and payment and promote orderly development and maintenance of foreign exchange market in India. The bank issues and exchanges currency notes and coins and destroys the same when they are not fit for circulation. All the money issued by the central bank is its monetary liability, i.
Reserve Bank of India also works as a central bank where commercial banks are account holders and can deposit money. RBI maintains banking accounts of all scheduled banks. It is the duty of the RBI to control the credit through the CRR, bank rate and open market operations. In order to curb the fake currency menace, RBI has launched a website to raise awareness among masses about fake notes in the market. RBI gave a press release stating that after 31 March 2014, it will completely withdraw from circulation all banknotes issued prior to 2005. From 1 April 2014, the public will be required to approach banks for exchanging these notes.